Financial Education

Our financial education section offers resources and information to help you learn more about personal finance and investing in order to achieve your financial goals.

Selecting a Financial Goal

A goal, whether it is related to finances or any other aspect of life, serves as a guiding principle for human actions. When a goal is carefully articulated and documented, it becomes significantly easier to pursue and accomplish. An achievable goal is one that is specific, measurable, and realistic, allowing for effective planning and execution. If you aspire to transform your dreams into actionable goals and commence the journey towards their attainment, it is crucial to imbue them with concreteness by defining pertinent details. This enables the formulation of a comprehensive action plan that facilitates progress towards the goal. When selecting a goal, it is advisable to consider the following guiding principles:

The goal should be specific

For instance, if your dream is to own the finest car, in order to transform this dream into a goal, it is essential to precisely specify the make, model, and year of release of the desired vehicle. To enhance the concreteness of the goal, you may even go as far as selecting a preferred color. By providing such level of detail, you are able to establish a clear and tangible objective that can serve as a focal point for your actions and planning.

The goal should be measurable

If your aspiration is to attain a stronger overall financial position, it may prove challenging to accomplish without refining it into a more specific goal. It is crucial to define the specific conditions under which you would consider yourself to have achieved a stable financial situation. For instance, you might determine that having 15,000 GEL deposited in a bank account, which can be utilized at your discretion, would be sufficient for you to experience financial stability. This goal becomes measurable, enabling you to precisely track your progress and diligently work towards accumulating the designated sum in your account.

The goal should be achievable

One of the challenges in goal achievement lies in effective planning. Establishing unrealistic goals can lead to discouragement and the abandonment of goal-setting and pursuit altogether. It is essential, therefore, to select goals that are attainable. For instance, if your objective is to purchase a real estate property valued at 150,000 GEL within one year, but you currently have no savings and can allocate only 1,000 GEL per month after necessary expenses, it becomes evident that this goal cannot be accomplished within the specified timeframe.

The goal should be relevant to your desires

When selecting a goal, it is crucial to reflect upon the underlying motivation behind it. Considering the effort required to achieve any goal, it is essential to ask yourself why you truly desire to accomplish it. Without thoughtful consideration, you may discover that the goal you pursued lacks significance or fails to align with your overarching objectives, leading to regret over the expended energy and efforts. Hence, it is vital to analyze whether the attainment of a specific goal will genuinely contribute to the realization of your primary objective.

The goal must have a predetermined deadline for its achievement

To facilitate the achievement of your goals, it is important to establish specific timeframes for initiating and completing the necessary activities. By setting deadlines for your goals, you enhance your motivation to adhere to your plan. Moreover, having a predetermined timeline enables you to effectively plan the steps required to reach your goal. For instance, if your aim is to save 1,000 GEL for a mobile phone, establishing a time frame will allow you to develop a concrete action plan more efficiently. If you decide to achieve this goal within 5 months, you will need to save 200 GEL per month. On the other hand, extending the time frame to 10 months would require a monthly savings amount of 100 GEL. Time limits not only determine the target completion date but also assist in selecting a suitable savings method.

Goals vary by maturity

For better organization and clarity, creating a budget can be helpful in sorting your goals according to their respective time frames. If you prefer a more structured approach that provides clarity and convenience, sorting your goals by maturity is a useful strategy. Based on the time required to achieve them, goals can be categorized as follows:

Short-term goals

Short-term goals typically refer to goals that can be achieved within a period of one year or less. These are goals that you can work towards and accomplish in a relatively short span of time. Examples of short-term goals include saving money to purchase a concert ticket for your favorite singer, saving for a summer vacation, or paying off a small debt.

Medium-term goals

Medium-term goals are those that you aim to achieve within a time frame of 1 to 3 years. These goals typically require more time and effort compared to short-term goals but are still relatively attainable within a reasonable period. Examples of medium-term goals include saving money to purchase a car, paying off a long-term loan, saving for a down payment on a house, or starting a small business.

Long-term goals

Long-term goals are those that typically take more than 3 years to achieve. These goals require a significant amount of time, planning, and dedication. Examples of long-term goals include saving for a down payment on a house, paying off a mortgage, saving for retirement, starting a business, or funding a child's education.

“Pay yourself first”

In order to achieve your financial goals related to savings, it is important to create a plan outlining the actions you will take to reach your goals. When it comes to saving, the process can initially seem daunting and require a strong sense of willpower to resist impulsive spending. Even when you allocate your income responsibly to cover your current expenses, it can often feel like there is no money left to save. However, taking a different approach is crucial to getting closer to your goals, as it is unlikely that anyone else will take care of them for you.

A key recommendation is to adopt the mindset of "paying yourself first." This means prioritizing your own goals and the savings necessary to achieve them before considering other expenses or obligations. By approaching your finances in this way, you can more effectively evaluate your current expenses and identify areas where you can reduce or adjust them, freeing up funds that can be directed towards your savings.

By focusing on yourself and your goals, you will be able to make more purposeful decisions about your spending and align your expenses with your long-term objectives. This shift in mindset can help you make the necessary adjustments to your budget and lifestyle, ensuring that you are allocating sufficient funds towards your savings on a regular basis.

Study your personal budget

It is indeed possible to save money even when your expenses match your income or when you are facing financial challenges. Saving money requires a careful evaluation of your personal budget and finding areas where you can free up funds. By analyzing your expenses and income, you can identify areas where you can make adjustments and save money.

Studying your personal budget is an important step in understanding your financial situation and finding ways to save. It involves reviewing your income sources and tracking your expenses to gain a clear understanding of where your money is being allocated. This process allows you to identify discretionary spending that can be reduced or eliminated to create room for savings.